South Senegal

Nature and wildlife in south Senegal

Much of the area that is now Cassamance was once the kingdom of Kasa. Kasa’s king, or mansa, who was a leading trader with the Portuguese, and Cassamance takes its name from the Portuguese transformation  of Kasa mansa (king of Kasa). The region was later  inhabited by migrants from the Mali empire, the Jola the Fulani the Malinke, and other groups. Cassamance was the last part of what is now Senegal to be conquered (beginning in 1903) by Europeans, and small pockets of resistance were active until after World War I.

Quick Facts

Sensational Cassamance

The Cassamance region was subject to both French and Portuguese colonial efforts before a border was negotiated in 1888 between the French colony of Senegal and Portuguese who then where the colonial rulers of Guinea-Bissau to the south.

Cassamance Region

Cassamance is blend with both French and Portuguese heritage as a result of its geographic position.


The Region experience tropical  savanna  climate with an  has average rainfall greater than the rest of Senegal, with most areas receiving over 50in/1270mm annually, and as high as 70in/1780mm in some places.